« Archives in September, 2012

Jellyfish outbreaks may last longer…Sea of Japan

The Yomiuri Shimbun

Massive outbreaks of Echizen kurage giant jellyfish in the Sea of Japan may be prolonged this year, which could greatly damage local fishing industries, according to marine biologists.

Statistics show that the number of jellyfish outbreaks will be larger than usual for the first time in three years. Though the reason behind the increase is unknown, fishermen are preparing countermeasures, such as setting fishing nets to catch them.

Echizen jellyfish are born in the spring along Chinese coasts in the Yellow Sea, as well as the East China Sea. They move north along the Tsushima Current and arrive in Japanese waters starting in mid-July. Afterward, they usually drift out into the Pacific Ocean via the Tsugaru Channel in early October.

Some Echizen jellyfish have hoods two meters in diameter and weigh nearly 200 kilograms.

A research team led by Hiroshima University Prof. Shinichi Ue has conducted annual surveys of the number of jellyfish per 100 square meters in the Yellow Sea between June and November since 2006. The survey is used to predict how many jellyfish will arrive in Japanese waters.

This year, the team found 0.44 jellyfish per 100 square meters in July. The number is 730 times larger than the 0.0006 found in 2010, when hardly any jellyfish-related damage was reported, and about nine times larger than the 0.05 reported in 2011.

Usually, the number of jellyfish found in the Yellow Sea peaks in July. However, the figure has remained high this year, registering between 0.2 and 0.5 in August and 0.16 in September.

Compared to last year’s figures, the number was 10 to 71 times larger in August and 2,285 times larger in September. The figures were close to those recorded years of jellyfish population explosions–0.21 in August 2007, 0.55 in August 2009 and 0.2 in September 2009.

According to JF Shimane, a fisheries cooperative in Matsue, Echizen jellyfish are usually caught in fixed fishing nets in early and mid-August. However, this year, 20 to 150 jellyfish were caught daily in fixed nets of Okinoshima island, even in September.

“We can’t afford to let down our guard,” an association official said.

“It’s possible that the jellyfish will flood Japan’s coastline if their numbers continue to increase in October or November,” Ue said.

Ocean Care Solutions, Inc. Maintains 5% Acetic Acid Jellyfish Sting Relief Solution as most effective sting aid

The company continues to break ground with innovative new products while remaining committed to scientific and medical sting protocol standards..Los Angeles, Ca.

Ocean Care Solutions, Inc., specializing in state of the art marine sting first aid kits and 5% acetic acid jellyfish sting relief spray, continues to break ground with innovative new products while remaining committed to scientific and medical sting protocol standards established through decades of research dating back to 1984. “We specifically developed our jellyfish sting relief spray as well as all our products to be at the core of effective jellyfish and select marine sting relief first aid based on first hand experience and the sheer volume of medical and scientific reports, publications and medical professional recommendations,” says Kevin Freeman, President of Ocean Care Solutions, Inc.

“The use of acetic acid as a sting neutralizer on a expansive variety of jellyfish species, clearly embraced by medical and scientific organizations worldwide, remains at the center of our family of marine sting first aid products,” claimed Freeman. ” The secret to our product lies in the precise acetic acid concentration perfectly suspended in a spray that elegantly doubles as a means of stinging cell removal while addressing welts,” continued Freeman. The company reports Ocean Care marine sting products have consistently exhibited safe and effective sting pain relief as increasing numbers of consumers utilize the kits and jellyfish sting relief spray in the U.S., Caribbean, Europe and the Pacific Rim markets. The company produces four state of the art marine animal sting first aid kits including a stingray, sea urchin, fire coral and Portuguese man o’ war first aid pack. Each kit contains all the medical components necessary to meet and exceed the generally accepted medical first aid guidelines for each specific animal sting injury including gloves, tweezers, bandages, ointments and a snap activated heat bar capable of maintaining 118 degrees for 20 minutes. “The addition of the heat bar is significant since applying heat has been scientifically proven to be far better than ice (Australian Medical Journal 2006). “In the field, there are few, if any, hot water sources found which results in significant delays in addressing a sting injury, so providing the heat bar is an important part in attaining effective pain relief,” affirms Freeman.

Ocean Care Solutions’ full line of marine sting products incorporate the most comprehensive medical and marine science first aid protocols for likely but unfortunate run-ins with a number of stinging sea animals including the man o’ war. The question is not ‘if’ but ‘when’ a sting will occur. While acetic acid is the standard recommendation for jellyfish, the man o’ war sting injury first aid protocol has been changed in some nation locations but not necessarily adopted by all U.S. medical directors.

The man o’ war, commonly referred to as a jellyfish, is actually a colony of organisms called a siphonophore that delivers a very potent sting toxin. It is arguably one of the ocean’s most dangerous cnidarians along with the Box and Irukandji found in Australian waters. Recent guideline changes in Australia, reflect a concern that the presence of acetic acid in first aid may intensify the stinging pain for a Man o War injury. This change contradicts decades of research recommending the application of vinegar for the Man o War sting by the very same organization. A number of U.S.medical resources have adopted those guidelines out of organizational respect but disagreement exists with medical authorities over whether to use vinegar or not on specifically the man o’ war envenomation.

Specially formulated with 5% acetic, OCS Jellyfish Sting Relief is available in a convenient 1 oz individual size and a 4oz. family size...

“Admittedly, not all scientists and medical professionals agree, but we maintain, based on the strength of evidence employing acetic acid on marine stings, our line of products has shown a consistent pattern as 100% effective, including use on the man o’ war, ” continued Freeman. “We invested years of research investigation and corroborating jelly sting first aid reports from the who’s who of international marine sting medical institutions and scientific professionals. This includes those from well respected research institutions in Australia. A dependable pattern of unbiased, fact-based science emerged from the mix,” claims Freeman. “At least until now,” continued Freeman.

Ocean Care Marine Sting first aid kits are specially designed to meet the accepted medical protocol to deliver effective pain relief for the Man o War, Stingray, Sea Urchin & Fire Coral injuries..

It should be noted generally accepted international toxic marine envenomation medical protocol has been and generally is the medical standard established within Australian waters and, therefore, centered on regional animal research only. International medical institutions, including well respected U.S. organizations, routinely adopt Australia’s marine sting first aid guidelines including the man o’ war. Australian waters are widely recognized for being the home of some of the sea’s deadliest animals so the research, scientific, medical and life-saving reports from the region are considered ground zero of toxic marine emergency science.

But, with apparent differences within this order of man o’ war, animals found in Australian waters (Physalia utriculus) known locally as the Bluebottle and the Atlantic man o’ war (Physalia physalis), both very dangerous stingers, remains the question of acetic acid. The Bluebottle is half the size of the Man o war, has only one tendril compared to dozens and there have been no recorded fatalities associated with a Bluebottle. The larger specie has been tied to fatalities as a result of being stung, ” says Freeman. “It’s our belief, based on the biological differences and presumed differences in toxicity, acetic acid belongs in the protocol. The good news is everything needed if stung by a man o’ war is in the kit including acetic acid so the injured can decide for themselves, ” concluded Freeman.

Also worth noting, however, is the presence of publications in direct conflict with Australian recommendation found in journal records from equally respected U.S. medical institutions. “So, which highly respected recommendation does the public accept as the definitive first aid?” questioned Freeman. “Whether to use or not use acetic acid is not a debate any one wants to have once stung by a man o’ war,” reasoned Freeman. Consider a recent medical report filed in the prestigious Journal of the American College of Emergency Physicians. This article outlines a marine sting study utilizing lidocaine (OCS spray is lidocaine free) on typical jellyfish injuries and acetic acid for the man o’ war injury. To muddy the waters further, this journal entry appears to be in conflict with a 2007 and a 2009/10 FDA issued public alert about serious and life-threatening risks associated with improper use of topical anesthetics including lidocaine. Information regarding adverse event claims associated with the use of marine sting products containing lidocaine are available through the FDA’s MedWatch Program.

“Our company marine sting philosophy is drawn from controlled trials, actual consumer experience, and field observations in the U.S. in conjunction with feedback by highly respected physicians and marine scientists”, said Freeman. “We rely on evidence based science gathered from medical journals so, while there are differing medical opinions and research periodicals, our company recognizes the medical research submissions by Dr. Paul S. Auerbach, Clinical Professor of Surgery, Division of Emergency Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, and author of a series of highly regarded wilderness medicine books (Wilderness Medicine 7th Edition) as the leading authority on marine stings,” claims Freeman. Dr. Auerbach recommends the use of acetic acid on the man o’ war injury. (Dr. Auerbach has not endorsed Ocean Care Solutions, Inc. product line).

“From the very beginning, we made a conscious decision to adopt Dr. Paul S. Auerbach’s medical opinions over a few who championed the use of the topical anesthetic, lidocaine,” continued Freeman. “Our company has no reservations about our decision to reject lidocaine in favor of acetic acid to deliver effective and meaningful first aid sting relief,” continued Freeman. “Human nature is a factor during a marine sting episode. When a person is in a pained, stressful situation from sustaining a marine sting injury and left to self-medicate, there is a greater chance for error of inadvertent exposure to harm and abuse. Given the real dangers associated with a lidocaine-infused product, we believe consumer safety to be a more compelling reason not to incorporate it in our products, as well as the systemic lack of true first aid.

We use just over a 5% acetic acid formula,” says Freeman. “Urine on a sting injury is a total myth, meat tenderizer is little more than that, baking soda paste has limited soothing powers, and lidocaine infused applications may provide some limited numbing pain relief but we have to ask what happens once the anesthetic wears off,” reasoned Freeman. “The last thing a sting victim needs is additional, serious, medical concerns. Our sting product delivers the safest, most effective, and sustainable first aid pain relief on the market today. We don’t just cover up the continuing injury with topicals, we stop the pain dead in its tracks” says Freeman.

The bottom line is this: OCS relief spray is the only first aid relief that neutralizes the stinging cells, soothes the injury site, and provides a mechanical transport means to remove remaining matter. The addition of the heat from the supplied bar in kits completes the formula for genuine first aid, not a temporary numbing. The jellyfish sting relief spray and the kit includes easy to understand instructions in the durable, water tight, distinctive gold foil pouch. Doctor and medical facility recommended, Ocean Care Solutions, Inc. is bringing effective marine sting first aid solutions to the consumer.

Sand Jellyfish..Inflatable Arms??

Sand Jellyfish (Rhopilema asamushi or Rhopilema esculenta) is a species of jellyfish from the genus Rhopilema.  The fascinating aspect of the sand jellyfish is that the edges of its oral arms appear to be inflatable. When they are deflated, they appear like thin threads of white-ish color, but when they are inflated, they resemble puffy spears. Lamentably, little is known about this particular species of jellyfish and the purpose of this facility of inflation is not yet determined.

They are inhabitants of the Indian Ocean and are found in locations like in the Sea of Japan, the Yellow Sea (and its tributary creeks) near the coast in brackish conditions and in shallow water instead.  These animals have been sighted in Hong Kong, Malaysia, Japan, China and some parts of the North Atlantic coastline. This species of jellyfish is very to rare to find in marine waters around the American coastlines.

File: Rhopilema esculenta by OpenCage.jpg

Sand jellyfish is so called because of their distinct coloration and because the surface of the skin appears to have a granular texture.  We do know that the jellyfish are capable of stinging because there are records of humans being stung by them.  The effects of the sting are known to be mild, usually resulting in an itchy rash and a burning sensation. A more severe effect can occur in a sensitive individual or if one has an allergic reaction to the toxins present in the venom.  The injury often gives rise to fever, fatigue, muscle pain, difficulty breathing or a drop in blood pressure, and, in extreme cases, could lead to death but none have been documented. (Kishinouye Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters, 15 (2): 4949-4952, 2005 doi : 10.1016/j.bmcl.2005.08.015).

OCS 5% acetic acid jellyfish sting relief spray has never been used on this animal..Until we have clear evidence, we would suggest, based on typical nematocysts toxin reactions, acetic acid would be effective in neutralizing the sting pain…But, we don’t know for sure…But we’ll find out!!!  In the mean time..Don’t get stung without Ocean Care Solutions Jellyfish Sting Relief Spray..

The Solution for marine sting injuries…..   www.oceancaresolutions.com

Sun jellyfish..Now you see me; now you don't..Invisible Danger!

The Sun Jellyfish ranges in oceans all over the world. The Sun Jellyfish feeds on large Metazoan, other small fish, or small potozoa. It defends itself with tentacles that have stinging cells to paralyze  their prey. The Sun Jellyfish is also toxic, its venom gives off an allergic reaction to humans and could be lethal in some cases.  This invertebrate animal has no motion underwater so the animal moves with the sea currents.

Sun Jellyfish picture

Some interesting facts about the Sun jelly fish is that it does NOT have a central nervous system, a respiratory system, an osmoregulatory system, or a circulatory system. How cool is that. Even cooler, it’s body consists of 90-94% water.

The Sun Jellyfish is a member of the marine life species that is very unique.  This Jellyfish is a species belonging the scyphozoan class of marine life in the invertebrates. The name of scyphozoan, or “true jellyfish” is derived from the Greek name “skyphos” meaning “a drinking cup” and is used to describe the jellyfish based on their shape.

They have a lifetime about three to six months.  They do not have shells or scales so when they are exposed to the sun they seem to disappear, leaving only a filmed circle. Due to their invisibility in the sun, this jellyfish can be dangerous to humans as their sting is extremely painful and attributed to various allergies in humans.

5% Acetic acid Jellyfish Sting Relief Spray..Safe and proven effective.Don’t get stung without it !!

www.oceancaresolutions.com

The Compass jellyfish…or is that a Moon jelly??

The Compass jellyfish (Chrysaora hysoscella),  is a very common species living in coastal waters of the Atlantic and Mediterranean, including near the U.K. and Turkey.  It occurs in coastal waters all round the British Isles. It is prevalent off the south and west coasts of England and Wales and has been recorded of the coast of Cumbrian, the Isle of Man and the north coast of Ireland

It has a diameter of up to 12 inches and has 24 tentacles arranged in eight groups of three.  The compass is usually yellowish white, with some brown, has a saucer-shaped bell, with 32 semi-circular lobes around the fringe, each one with a brown spot. On the upper surface of the bell, 16 brown V-shaped marks radiate outwards from a dark central spot. The mouth, the only opening to the exterior, is located on the centre of the underside of the bell, and is surrounded by 4 arms.

Often confused with the Moon (Aurelia aurita), the stinging cells and venom of Chrysaora hysoscella are strong and can produce painful, long lasting welts in humans.

Ocean Care Solutions 5% acetic acid jellyfish sting relief has proven effective on an expanse of stinging species.  Safe and effective and always lidocaine free…Don’t get stung with it !!