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New jellyfish species discovered on Gold Coast..Australia

ABC News Gold Coast  

A curious child from Paradise Point is responsible for the discovery of a new species of box jellyfish found in a local canal.  Nine-year-old Saxon Thomas found the new species when fishing in his backyard canal.  Scientists have now confirmed the jellyfish is a new scientific discovery.

But Australian Marine Stinger Advisory services director Lisa Gershwin says there is a lot more to learn about it.  “We’re still trying to name it,” Ms Gershwin says.

“I haven’t met Saxon yet but my intention is to one of these days when I meet him ask him what he would like it to be named… I wanna give him the choice to name it because I think it’s such a wonderful thing that here’s these kids out playing with nature and going ‘hey wait, that’s different – what’s that?’ – and now we know. What a fabulous find.”

Queensland Museum’s marine expert Doctor Merrick Ekins has examined the jellyfish.

“A new species is always very exciting. We’ve got a bit more work to do to work out exactly what it is… but it’s definitely in the same family as the box jellyfish. But it’s not THE box jellyfish which is a big relief,” Dr Ekins says.

“The first thing we did was to make sure it wasn’t thechironex fleckeri box jellyfish that’s infamous for killing people, because if that’s suddenly appearing down here on the Sunshine Coast and Gold Coast then that would be a real issue for swimmers.”

However, it is not yet known if this new species is dangerous in its own way.

“We don’t know about that… whether it gives you a sting is most likely. It’s probably not life threatening but we don’t know.”

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How do Jellyfish sting??

The science of cnidocytes and nematocysts

Sea jellies don’t sting through electricity or by touch. A sea jelly sting through a special type of cell called a Cnidocyte, there are three types of cnidocytes currently known. Spirocysts which entangle their prey, Ptychocysts which build tubes for tube anemones and the most well known Nematocysts. Nematocysts consist of a toxic barb which is coiled on a thread inside the cindocyte, when triggered the barb is ejected almost instantly taking only 700 nanoseconds to fire and firing with a force of five million g’s. A cindoctye can only fire once, and must be replaced when fired a process that could take 2 days.

Sea jellies sting their prey using nematocysts, also called cnidocysts, stinging structures located in specialized cells called cnidocytes, which are characteristic of all Cnidaria. Contact with a jellyfish tentacle can trigger millions of nematocysts to pierce the skin and inject venom, yet only some species’ venom cause an adverse reaction in humans. When a nematocyst is triggered by contact by predator or prey, pressure builds up rapidly inside it up to 2,000 pounds per square inch (14,000 kPa) until it bursts. A lance inside the nematocyst pierces the victim’s skin, and poison flows through into the victim. Touching or being touched by a jellyfish can be very uncomfortable, sometimes requiring medical assistance; sting effects range from no effect to extreme pain to death. Even beached and dying jellyfish can still sting when touched.

Scyphozoan jellyfish stings range from a twinge to tingling to agony. Most jellyfish stings are not deadly, but stings of some species of the class Cubozoa and the Box jellyfish, such as the famous and especially toxic Irukandji jellyfish, can be deadly. Stings may cause anaphylaxis, which can be fatal. Medical care may include administration of an antivenom.

Detailed Video of firing nematocysts

Jellyfish are the major non-polyp form of individuals of the phylum Cnidaria. They are typified as free-swimming marine animals consisting of a gelatinous umbrella-shaped bell and trailing tentacles. The bell can pulsate for locomotion, while stinging tentacles can be used to capture prey.

Jellyfish are found in every ocean, from the surface to the deep sea. A few jellyfish inhabit freshwater. Large, often colorful, jellyfish are common in coastal zones worldwide. Jellyfish have roamed the seas for at least 500 million years, and possibly 700 million years or more, making them the oldest multi-organ animal.

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Re-post of orginal..Posted by Jonathan Lowrie  Musings by a Mad Jellyfish

Ocean Care Solutions new Lionfish Sting 1st Aid Kit expands company family of marine sting first aid products

Ocean Care Solutions is devoted to providing safe and effective marine sting first aid products for the consumer.  Our products have been tested true as each individual kit follows the medically accepted first aid protocol supported by life saving agencies, physicians and medical facility research groups worldwide.  Each kit has all the components necessary, with easy to follow instructions, to provide immediate 1st aid medical attention on a variety of marine stingers.  No matter what you pleasure at the ocean; sport fishing, surfing, scuba, distance swimming, snorkeling or just hangin’ out in the surf, always be prepared with Ocean Care Solutions first aid products….Available on line or select retailers…Ask for it by name..You’ll be glad your did !!

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Reducing Lionfish Polulations..

Faced with a dramatic reduction of native populations of fish–which support fishing and diving recreational tourism–nearly everyone is working to reduce the lionfish populations. From spearfishing to hook and lining, any method to get them out of the water is seen as a step in the right direction. Citizen organizations like LionFishHunters and The Lionfish PSA have sprung up to educate the public and direct us toward steps necessary to control this opportunistic species.

Especially in the Florida Keys, locals are trying hard to put lionfish on the menu in seafood restaurants, hoping we can eat them into submission. Lionfish is reported to have an excellent taste and is often compared to hogfish or snapper. It’s not dangerous to eat because the poison is only contained in the spines. The meat is safe to eat.

Want to know how to clean and cook a lionfish? Here’s a great 4 minute video to show you how:

For a very well produced video by CNN on the lionfish problem, check out the 7 minute video below:

Below are some additional links to information about the Florida lionfish “invasion.”

Reef.org – Report a lionfish sighting and learn more about the whole lionfish thing, including links to some restaurants that have lionfish on the menu.

Mote Tropical Research Lab lionfish info. An excellent web site with a lot of information and links to other resources.

Content courtesy of David McRee..Beachhunter.net

http://www.blogthebeach.com/2012/nature/fish/lionfish-in-florida-problems-and-solutions

Related posts:

  1. Indo-Pacific Lionfish Threaten Florida
  2. Product Review: First Aid Kit for Marine Animal Stings: Jellyfish, Stingrays, Urchins, Fire Coral
  3. Dolphin Stranding with Happy Ending

Lionfish envenomation 1st aid kit developed by Ocean Care Solutions

Lionfish are colorful marine fish with venomous spiky fin rays. Its presence is increasing around the seas of the world and present a danger to fishermen, divers and swimmers. Its venom can lead to extreme pain, nausea, vomiting, fever, breathing difficulties, convulsions, dizziness, redness on the affected area, headaches, and numbness although its venom is rarely fatal.

This chilling animated graphic shows the population explosion of poisonous lionfish in Florida, the Caribbean, the Bahamas and the Atlantic seaboard between 1986 and 2011: http://nas.er.usgs.gov/taxgroup/fish/Lionfishanimation.gif 

Treating Lionfish Sting Injuries

Being stung by the long, thin, needle-sharp spines of even a small lionfish generally results in a fire-like pain which is often localized to the area stung, but may travel along the extremity. Expect swelling. Needless to say, a sting to the head, neck or body cavity is more serious and should be considered a medical emergency. It is possible that a portion of the spine may break off in the wound, requiring surgical intervention. Infection is always a possibility. A host of other symptoms and complications are possible.

First-aid for a lionfish sting (before you can get to a doctor) mainly consists of applying heat, which destroys the venom. The problem is, where are you going to get heat if you are out on a boat or standing on a dock?

Ocean Care Solutions has developed a lionfish sting first-aid kit that has what you need. It should be available around mid-January 2013 and will retail for around $20. The supplies contained in the kit are based on treatment protocols with scientific and medical support and derive from medical data and injury reports.
Ocean Care Solutions Lionfish Sting First-Aid Kit

What’s in the OCS Lionfish Sting First-Aid Kit?

  • Moist towelette for cleaning hands
  • Latex-free gloves
  • Gauze pad to help slow bleeding
  • Sterile saline solution for rinsing wound
  • Forceps / tweezers to remove spines
  • Instant Heat Pack to alleviate pain
  • Elastic wrap for holding heat pack in place
  • Ocean Care Solutions triple antibiotic ointment
  • Adhesive bandages

Ocean Care Solutions is a pioneer in the development of effective, convenient and affordable first-aid kits for marine sting injuries, including for jellyfish, stingrays, sea urchins, fire-coral, and Portuguese Man-of-War.

Ocean Care Solutions’ products were nominated for the 2012 World Open Water Swimming Offering of the Year.

Below are the instructions as shown on the back of the foil packet which houses the kit. Click on the image below to enlarge it enough to read:

Click image to enlarge

Content courtesy of David McRee..Beachhunter.net

http://www.blogthebeach.com/2012/nature/fish/lionfish-in-florida-problems-and-solutions

Field use report from Galveston Island Beach Patrol/Park Board Police Dept

Over this past summer season, Ocean Care Solutions, Inc. provided Chief Peter Davis and supervising staff from the Galveston Island Beach Patrol/Park Board Police Dept. (www.galvestonbeachpatrol.com) with our Stingray and Man o War Sting First Aid Kits.

Here is the e mail OCS received from Chief Davis…

We did get to use the product quite a bit, although we used saline to wash the area as opposed to vinegar, thus following the recommendations of the USLA and medical protocols set by our medical director. People really seemed to respond well to it. They liked the packaging and the way it is a self contained treatment that they could potentially carry with them “just in case”.

Hope things are good with you. We had a fairly easy season as far as stings go, but enough for all of our supervisors to be able to use the product.

Take care,
Peter

Chief Peter Davis
Galveston Island Beach Patrol/Park Board Police Dept

Jellyfish stings..What to do

There are a number of jellyfish species but not all of which are stingers.  Some of the stings are little more than a nuisance and some can be lethal.  Depends on the the animal and, to some degree, the physical condition of the injured as well as the potential for allergic reactions to the neurotoxins from jellyfish stings.  Some of the more common jellyfish found in U.S. waters are the Lion’s Mane, a common stinging jellyfish. It can be found in colors from white to deep blue. It grows to almost 6.5 ft. across. Its tentacles can be up to 18 ft. long and are almost invisible.

Photo of a lion’s-mane jellyfish, a large, pale blue jellyfish with many tentacles.

The Mauve is found in the Mediterranean as well at the Atlantic coastal waters and while, by comparison to the Lion’s Mane, the Pelagia noctiluca has very few tentacles but can deliver a very nasty sting.  Pelagia, in Latin, means “of the sea” and nocti stands for night and luca means light thus Pelagia Noctiluca can be described as a marine organism with the ability to glow in the dark.

Photo of a mauve stinger, a purple jellyfish with several large tentacles hanging from the bell, and a few thinner catch tentacles.

And a siphonophore; the Portuguese Man o War…This is not your every day stinging jellyfish; this is a very nasty, multiple organism, seriously toxic, bad stinging animal that should be treated with respect.  Stay clear of this guy.  The Atlantic Portuguese Man o War found in the Gulf around the Keyes north to Myrtle Beach and beyond on occasion is twice the size of the Blue Bottle found in Australian and Hawaiian waters.  Another distinguishable difference is the Atlantic MOW has multiple tentacles while the Blue bottle has only one strand or arm of stinging tentacles but both of them pack a wallop!

Ocean Care Solutions has specially formulated the recommended medically and scientifically supported jellyfish sting relief spray with 5% acetic acid.  Tested and proven effective, OCS Jellyfish Sting Relief Solution is safe, Lidocaine free and proven effective.

Our medically proven Portuguese Man o War Kit provides on the spot first aid pain relief for this dangerous sting.  Everything the injured needs to provide the first, best step in medical pain relief treatment for a Man o War envenomation.   Even so, always seek medical attention when stung by a Man o War.

Our products are available at select Walgreen’s Drug and other fine retailers. ask for it by name…Don’t get stung without it !!

Jellyfish invade Auckland beaches

Beachgoers have been left with painful rashes as tiny jellyfish fill the warming waters of the Hauraki Gulf.

Aucklanders and holidaymakers looking to take advantage of this week’s sunny weather are being warned to take care at all Hauraki Gulf beaches after an outbreak of swimmer’s rash in the past week.  Swimmers have suffered the rash, medically known as sea bather’s eruption and often falsely attributed to sea lice, at Kohimarama, Long Bay, Milford, Takapuna and Maraetai beaches.  The rash can be itchier than a severe case of chickenpox and last up to two weeks.

Simon Baker, medical officer of health at the Auckland Regional Public Health Service, said the jellyfish were too small to be seen but caused painful rashes on skin that was covered by swimsuits.  “[Victims] can be really unwell and kept awake at night with nasty itches. It can be a real nuisance.”

Juley Van Der Reyden’s 6-year-old son, Kellan, went swimming at Maraetai Beach on Saturday and developed a rash that was more irritable than when he had chickenpox.  “I actually cut all his fingernails so he wouldn’t break the skin,” Ms Van Der Reyden said. “He had on a two-piece – long rash vest and shorts – so he’s got it all over his back and tummy and around his legs.”  Her 3-year-old daughter, Romilly, also developed a rash around her legs.

Ms Van Der Reyden would like warning signs put up at affected beaches, but Dr Baker said the problem was likely to affect all gulf swimming spots, so this was not practical.  Luane Botha of Pohutukawa Pharmacy in Beachlands said that in the past week, about 15 customers had sought treatment for their children.  “We had a few that were really, really bad … They had it right over their body. You can’t really do much … just something for the itch like an antihistamine.”  Dr Baker said health authorities were contacting pharmacies and doctors to find out how widespread the problem was.

The microscopic jellyfish get trapped in the fabric of swimwear and tend to sting once swimmers have left the water.  Towelling-down can cause the jellyfish to sting, because they release stinging cells when put under pressure.  Children often suffer the worst reaction to the stings because of their soft skin, with hundreds to thousands of tiny red bumps forming in clusters.  A similar outbreak of sea bather’s eruption occurred last February as La Nina’s warm currents encouraged the spread of the jellyfish on eastern Auckland beaches.  The larvae are usually found in warm, still water and are rarely a problem at beaches with heavy surf, such as Piha.

Hydromedusa from the Pacific are tiny  jellyfish are invisible in the ocean. Photo / Supplied

Dr Baker said the only sure-fire way to avoid the rash was to not swim at affected beaches. But swimmers could lessen their risk by not wearing large, baggy clothing and by removing their togs on leaving the water.

Last month, thousands of jellyfish washed up on Wellington’s south coast beaches, including the dangerous bluebottle or Pacific man o’ war, sparking warnings from authorities.

And a swarm of bluebottles, including one with 2.5-metre-long tentacles, closed Oreti Beach, near Invercargill, this month.

Ocean Care Solutions 5% acetic acid jellyfish sting relief is very effective on “swimmer’s itch” as well as a wide variety of jellyfish sting envenomations.  don’t go to the beach with it  !!

Article written by Nicholas Jones..NZHerald.co.nz

Australia's Box Jellyfish: Most Venomous Animal in the World

Documentary featuring Phillippe Cousteau and Jamie Seymour, venom biologist, James Cook University Queensland tracking the Australian Box Jellyfish…Don’t do this at home !!!

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_detailpage&v=-2KR8LypESI#t=56s

 

The Marine Sting Institute has recommended the use of 5% acetic acid (vinegar) on the Box jellyfish envenomation.  While the animal is extremely dangerous and life threatening, application of vinegar on the way to the hospital for medical care can provide relief.

Ocean Care Solutions Jellyfish Sting Relief Solution is 5% acetic acid has proven safe, fast acting and effective on the Box jellyfish injury.  Don’t get stung without it !!

ARC and AHA recommend 5% acetic acid for jellyfish stings first aid..

The American Red Cross and American Heart Association announced changes to guidelines for administering first aid. Among the revisions are updated recommendations for the treatment of snake bites, anaphylaxis (shock), jellyfish stings and severe bleeding. The First Aid Guidelines are being published in Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Volunteer experts from more than 30 national and international organizations joined the Red Cross and the American Heart Association in reviewing 38 separate first aid questions. Experts analyzed the science behind them and worked to reach consensus on the treatment recommendations

In looking at the treatment of jellyfish stings, the revised guidelines reaffirm the recommendation to use vinegar to treat the sting. The vinegar neutralizes the venom and may prevent it from spreading. After the vinegar deactivates the venom, immersing the area in hot water for about 20 minutes is effective for reducing pain.

Ocean Care Solutions’ Jellyfish Sting Relief is specially formulated with 5% acetic acid is safe, gentle on your skin and very effective pain relief for a wide variety of jelly species and range of marine stings. Don’t get stung without it  !!