« Posts under Japan stingray

Australian Bull Ray….Stingray

The Australian bull ray has a disc that is wider than it is long. The snout is blunt with a skirt-shaped inter nasal flap as well as a single fleshy lobe that surrounds the snout and almost reaches the pectoral fins. The medium-sized eyes are located on the sides of the head and the spiracles are large. The pectoral fins which make up the “wings” of this ray originate below the eyes. The margins of the pectoral fins are deeply concave and the tips are highly angular. There is a small dorsal fin that originates over or just behind the pelvic fin rear tips and is anterior to the spine on the tail. The tail is elongate and whip-like and has a venomous stinging spine located just behind the dorsal fin.
Stingray first aid kits available through DFA, on line or at your favorite retail beach/dive shop…don’t get stung without it!!

Golden Stingray commonly found in the Eastern Atlantic, Mediterranean and Black Sea…

The most common sting ray found in the Eastern Atlantic (North Sea, Baltic to Mauritania) as well as the Mediterranean and Black Sea is the Pastinaca or Golden Stingray. This ray has a rhomboid shaped disc with straight anterior margin and mildly convex posterior margin with a pointed snout and a small protrusion. Generally skittish about human intrusion but has proven tolerant while feeding. This ray is dangerous to swimmers and salt water sports fishermen to poisonous barbed spine.  Don’t forget the shuffle but if you do…


Stingray first aid kits available on line or at your favorite retail beach/dive shop…don’t get stung without it!!



Ocean Care Solutions new Lionfish Sting 1st Aid Kit expands company family of marine sting first aid products

Ocean Care Solutions is devoted to providing safe and effective marine sting first aid products for the consumer.  Our products have been tested true as each individual kit follows the medically accepted first aid protocol supported by life saving agencies, physicians and medical facility research groups worldwide.  Each kit has all the components necessary, with easy to follow instructions, to provide immediate 1st aid medical attention on a variety of marine stingers.  No matter what you pleasure at the ocean; sport fishing, surfing, scuba, distance swimming, snorkeling or just hangin’ out in the surf, always be prepared with Ocean Care Solutions first aid products….Available on line or select retailers…Ask for it by name..You’ll be glad your did !!

ocs fmly5 IMG_0032


Field use report from Galveston Island Beach Patrol/Park Board Police Dept

Over this past summer season, Ocean Care Solutions, Inc. provided Chief Peter Davis and supervising staff from the Galveston Island Beach Patrol/Park Board Police Dept. (www.galvestonbeachpatrol.com) with our Stingray and Man o War Sting First Aid Kits.

Here is the e mail OCS received from Chief Davis…

We did get to use the product quite a bit, although we used saline to wash the area as opposed to vinegar, thus following the recommendations of the USLA and medical protocols set by our medical director. People really seemed to respond well to it. They liked the packaging and the way it is a self contained treatment that they could potentially carry with them “just in case”.

Hope things are good with you. We had a fairly easy season as far as stings go, but enough for all of our supervisors to be able to use the product.

Take care,

Chief Peter Davis
Galveston Island Beach Patrol/Park Board Police Dept

Jellyfish at the National Aquarium in Baltimore, MD

An assortment of jellyfish at the National Aquarium’s Jellies Invasion exhibit in Baltimore, MD. Jellyfish featured in the exhibit include: Atlantic Sea Nettle, Pacific Sea Nettle, Purple Striped Jelly, Moon Jelly, Spotted Lagoon Jelly, Blue Blubber Jelly, Upside-Down Jelly, Leidy’s Comb Jelly, Northern Sea Nettle, Black Sea Nettle, Lion’s Mane Jelly, and Egg Yolk Jelly. Enjoy.

If you get stung by any of these animals, use Ocean Care Solutions’ Jellyfish Sting Relief..Fast acting, safe and effective..Don’t get stung without it  !!


Unusual Sea Urchins..Echinoblog

Pictures and text courtesy of Christopher Mah

Smithsonian Institute..National Museum of Natural History


Goniocidaris from deep-sea habitats in the tropical Indo-Pacific..

The most obvious feature here being the bizarrely shaped spines that look like big inverted umbrellas!
A second species of Goniocidaris (also from the deep-sea Indo-Pacific)

Instead of the large spines ending in big flattened horn-thing, these spines are lance-shaped and have a progression of smaller and smaller spines and flanges..

What do the unusual spine shapes do? How are they adaptive? Defensive? Reproductive?
I wrote a blog about a similar cidaroid sea urchin calledPsychocidaris. (click here to see!)

Here’s a big, deep-sea sea urchin the size of a pumpkin calledEchinus melo!
Another large animal that we know practically nothing about…
And finally, we end with one of the more exotic sand dollars.. a genus called Rotula from the African coast in the tropical Atlantic..

Weird are the many strange flanges and holes! What do they do?Well, in other sand dollars they deflect the hydrodynamic flow.. Go here to see this explanation!

and just for kicks..here’s the bottom or ORAL SURFACE of one.. yes-even these weirdly shaped sand dollars have the tiny, “fur-like” spines covering them and with the channels that lead to the mouth…

Pacific Electric ray can generate 45 volts…

The Pacific electric ray (Torpedo californica) is a species of electric ray in the family Torpedinidae, endemic to the coastal waters of the northeastern Pacific Ocean from Baja, California to British Colombia. It generally inhabits sandy flats, rocky reefs, and kelp forests from the surface to a depth of 660 ft., but has also been known to make forays into the open ocean.

Pacific electric ray can generate up to 45 volts of electricity for the purposes of subduing prey or self-defense and the shock generated by the Pacific electric ray can be enough to knock down an adult human. It should be treated with caution, especially at night when it is active, and has been known to charge at divers with its mouth agape if harassed. It is not known to be responsible for any fatalities, but may have been involved in several unexplained, fatal diving accidents.

The oldest documented individuals are 16 years of age, and extrapolating from growth curves the maximum life span of this species may be upwards of 24 years.



Benthic or Pelagic Stingrays…

Stingrays come in two different general “types” – the “benthic” (or bottom) stingrays and the “pelagic” (or swimming) stingrays.

Benthic rays, such as the Atlantic stingray pictured, are often found buried in the sand. They usually have a rounded or “diamond-shaped” body and their stings, when present, are located near the middle or lower third of their “tail.” As mostly bottom feeders, these rays generally feed on worms, clams, shrimp, crabs, snails and occasionally fish.

The “bottom” rays are more likely to sting you than the “swimming” ray.


Don’t get stung without it !!

Green Sea Urchin…

Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis is commonly known as the green sea urchin because of its characteristic green color.

It has the longest genus-species names in the animal kingdom. It is commonly found in northern waters all around the world including both the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans to a northerly latitude of 81 degrees and as far south as the Puget Sound (Washington State) and England.

The spines of the green urchin are used for defense and locomotion and are not considered poisonous.


Don’t get stung without it !!

The sixgill stingray….

The sixgill stingray, Hexatrygon bickelli, is an unusual species of deep-sea ray. It is distinguished by its long, soft snout and six pairs of gill slits (all other rays have five).

The sixgill stingray is widely found in the Indian and Pacific Oceans, from the east coast of South Africa off Port Elizabeth and Port Alfred, to the South China Sea, Taiwan, the Philippines, and the Tokara Islands and Okinawa Trough off Japan. It also ranges off western Australia from the Exmouth Plateau to Shark Bay, off Flinders Reef, Queensland, and off Hawaii at depths from 1000-3000 ft..

The tail bears one or two prominent barbed stinging spines, well behind the pelvic fins.


Don’t get stung without it !!