« Posts tagged Man of War first aid

Seasons change but the Portuguese Man o War never do….

As the seasons and winds change in the U.S., the Portuguese Man o War begin to arrive in large numbers.

First of all, there are no real seasons for the Man o War, as such, but because of wind currents associated with season change and weather interruptions, the Man o War is on the leading edge of those winds since it has no propulsion system other than inflating it’s crown with gas and catching the wind.

man o war..beachedTx

What is typically recognized however, is the Man o War are, as a general rule, found along and around the Florida coast lines to Pensacola from late October thru February, the largest concentration generally in Nov and Feb.; the same as Costa Rica from March to May and to some degree the 10th day after every full moon in Hawaii. There is a long history of documenting these events so it is reasonable to believe these expectations every year.

Now, if you were stung by a Man o War, you were stung by an Atlantic Portuguese Man o’ War. There is no jellyfish specie known as a Man o’ War..A MOW is a siphonophore..a colony of 4 organisms..don’t have enough time and space to detail that ..there are 3 species of Man o War but all the same if that makes sense..the Atlantic, the recently acknowledge Pacific and the Blue Bottle Man o War..the Atlantic reported to have the nastiest sting but how would one compare them as all three are very painful. They differ in size with the Atlantic the largest and the blue bottle the smallest but don’t think for an instant that changes how nasty the stings are.

The indications that you have been stung by a Man O’ War are: Stinging, burning, redness, swelling of lymph nodes. You may see long welt lines. In some people sensitive to the Man O’ War venom, there may be severe reactions, including difficulty with breathing and cardiac arrest.

The sting toxin secreted from the tentacles is a neurotoxin about seventy-five percent as powerful as cobra venom. The welts can last for minutes to hours.

Studies on the effectiveness of meat tenderizer, baking soda, papain, or commercial sprays (containing aluminum sulfate and detergents) on nematocyst stings have been contradictory. It’s possible these substances cause further damage.

Check out our OCS Man o War sting 1st aid kit is specially designed to deliver medically proven, safe and effective sting relief from the MOW. Don’t get stung without it !!


Highly venomous jellyfish coming to a beach near you…Northeast U.S. sees Man o War

Significant blooms of venomous warm-water species of Mauve jellyfish and the Portuguese Man o War have arrived in numbers along the Atlantic east coast and north east coastal waters to the Hampton’s and beyond respectively.  both deliver potent and very painful stings.Many’s the argument as to the cause for the explosion of jellies worldwide with claims centered on global warming of sea waters is causing the biggest movement of marine species, according to a study by 17 different institutes, called Project Clamer. The Pelagia noctiluca “dominates in many areas and outbreaks have become an annual event, forcing the closing of beaches,” says the report.  “This form of jellyfish is a gluttonous predator of juvenile fish, so researchers consider its spread a harmful trend.”However, there was further bad news as the report also warned that the highly-venomous Portuguese Man O’War is also moving closer and in abundance.

Physalia physalis; a jellyfish-like creature (really a 4 organism siphonophore) usually found in subtropical waters, is more regularly being discovered in northern Atlantic waters as recently as the holiday weekend in Martha’s Vineyard of the Massachusetts coast.  Likely driven by warm current and winds not seen since 2006, the Man o War is not typically found this far north.  It is not uncharacteristic to see the Lion’s Mane, another nasty stinger, in the cooler waters typical to the northern shores now in addition to these animals.


It might be time to buy yourself a new pair of jelly shoes for the beach or take along OCS Jellyfish Sting Relief spray and/or  our MOW 1st Kit…We hope you don’t need it but if you do, you will be glad you have it..The Solution for marine sting injuries…Don’t get stung without it!!


Portuguese Man o War…spotted worldwide

The Portuguese Man o’ War  can be found anywhere in the open ocean (especially warm water seas), but they are most commonly found in the tropical and subtropical regions of the Pacific and Indian oceans, and the northern Atlantic Gulf Stream. The Man o’ War has been found as far north as the the northeast end of the Gulf of Maine.

They wash ashore along the northern Gulf of Mexico and the east and west coasts of Florida.  An abundance of Portuguese Man o’ Wars can be found in the waters of Costa Rica, especially in March and April.  They have been spotted recently off the coast of Spain, Ireland, in Welsh waters and in the Mediterranean near Corsica and Malta.

They are also frequently found along the east coast of South Africa, (particularly during winter storms if the wind has been blowing steadily on-shore for several hours), as well as around the Hawaiian Islands.  Strong onshore winds may drive them into bays or onto beaches. It is rare for only a single Portuguese Man o’ War to be found; the discovery of one usually indicates the presence of many as they are usually congregated by currents and winds into groups of thousands. Man o’ Wars typically travel in groups of 1,000-plus.


Don’t get stung without it!!


Lionfish envenomation 1st aid kit developed by Ocean Care Solutions

Lionfish are colorful marine fish with venomous spiky fin rays. Its presence is increasing around the seas of the world and present a danger to fishermen, divers and swimmers. Its venom can lead to extreme pain, nausea, vomiting, fever, breathing difficulties, convulsions, dizziness, redness on the affected area, headaches, and numbness although its venom is rarely fatal.

This chilling animated graphic shows the population explosion of poisonous lionfish in Florida, the Caribbean, the Bahamas and the Atlantic seaboard between 1986 and 2011: http://nas.er.usgs.gov/taxgroup/fish/Lionfishanimation.gif 

Treating Lionfish Sting Injuries

Being stung by the long, thin, needle-sharp spines of even a small lionfish generally results in a fire-like pain which is often localized to the area stung, but may travel along the extremity. Expect swelling. Needless to say, a sting to the head, neck or body cavity is more serious and should be considered a medical emergency. It is possible that a portion of the spine may break off in the wound, requiring surgical intervention. Infection is always a possibility. A host of other symptoms and complications are possible.

First-aid for a lionfish sting (before you can get to a doctor) mainly consists of applying heat, which destroys the venom. The problem is, where are you going to get heat if you are out on a boat or standing on a dock?

Ocean Care Solutions has developed a lionfish sting first-aid kit that has what you need. It should be available around mid-January 2013 and will retail for around $20. The supplies contained in the kit are based on treatment protocols with scientific and medical support and derive from medical data and injury reports.
Ocean Care Solutions Lionfish Sting First-Aid Kit

What’s in the OCS Lionfish Sting First-Aid Kit?

  • Moist towelette for cleaning hands
  • Latex-free gloves
  • Gauze pad to help slow bleeding
  • Sterile saline solution for rinsing wound
  • Forceps / tweezers to remove spines
  • Instant Heat Pack to alleviate pain
  • Elastic wrap for holding heat pack in place
  • Ocean Care Solutions triple antibiotic ointment
  • Adhesive bandages

Ocean Care Solutions is a pioneer in the development of effective, convenient and affordable first-aid kits for marine sting injuries, including for jellyfish, stingrays, sea urchins, fire-coral, and Portuguese Man-of-War.

Ocean Care Solutions’ products were nominated for the 2012 World Open Water Swimming Offering of the Year.

Below are the instructions as shown on the back of the foil packet which houses the kit. Click on the image below to enlarge it enough to read:

Click image to enlarge

Content courtesy of David McRee..Beachhunter.net


Lethal stings from the Australian box jellyfish could be treated with zinc

Box jellyfish of the Chironex species are among the most venomous animals in the world, capable of killing humans with their sting. Their venom, though, which kills by rapidly punching holes in human red blood cells, can be slowed down by administering zinc, according to research published December 12 in the open access journal PLOS ONE by Angel Yanagihara from the University of Hawaii and colleagues.

The researchers developed ways to extract venom from the jellyfish, and tested it on human blood and on mice. They found that the venom created pores in human red blood cells, making them leak large amounts of potassium, which causes cardiac arrest and death.

As Yanagihara elaborates, “For over 60 years researchers have sought to understand the horrifying speed and potency of the venom of the Australian box jellyfish, arguably the most venomous animal in the world. We have found that a previously disregarded hemolysin can cause an avalanche of reactions in cells. This includes an almost instantaneous, massive release of potassium that can cause acute cardiovascular collapse and death.”

This shows an Australian box jellyfish.

Yanagihara AA, Shohet RV (2012) Cubozoan Venom-Induced Cardiovascular Collapse Is Caused by Hyperkalemia and Prevented by Zinc Gluconate in Mice. PLoS ONE 7(12): e51368. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0051368

(Photo Credit: Robert Hartwick)

The authors treated the cells with a zinc compound which inhibits this process, and found that the treatment could slow the pore-forming process in cells, and increased survival times in the mice treated with the compound, zinc gluconate. The research suggests that the venom’s capacity to increase potassium levels is what makes it so dangerous, and that rapid administration of zinc may be a potential life-saver in human sting victims.

Field use report from Galveston Island Beach Patrol/Park Board Police Dept

Over this past summer season, Ocean Care Solutions, Inc. provided Chief Peter Davis and supervising staff from the Galveston Island Beach Patrol/Park Board Police Dept. (www.galvestonbeachpatrol.com) with our Stingray and Man o War Sting First Aid Kits.

Here is the e mail OCS received from Chief Davis…

We did get to use the product quite a bit, although we used saline to wash the area as opposed to vinegar, thus following the recommendations of the USLA and medical protocols set by our medical director. People really seemed to respond well to it. They liked the packaging and the way it is a self contained treatment that they could potentially carry with them “just in case”.

Hope things are good with you. We had a fairly easy season as far as stings go, but enough for all of our supervisors to be able to use the product.

Take care,

Chief Peter Davis
Galveston Island Beach Patrol/Park Board Police Dept

Ocean Care Solutions, Inc. Maintains 5% Acetic Acid Jellyfish Sting Relief Solution as most effective sting aid

The company continues to break ground with innovative new products while remaining committed to scientific and medical sting protocol standards..Los Angeles, Ca.

Ocean Care Solutions, Inc., specializing in state of the art marine sting first aid kits and 5% acetic acid jellyfish sting relief spray, continues to break ground with innovative new products while remaining committed to scientific and medical sting protocol standards established through decades of research dating back to 1984. “We specifically developed our jellyfish sting relief spray as well as all our products to be at the core of effective jellyfish and select marine sting relief first aid based on first hand experience and the sheer volume of medical and scientific reports, publications and medical professional recommendations,” says Kevin Freeman, President of Ocean Care Solutions, Inc.

“The use of acetic acid as a sting neutralizer on a expansive variety of jellyfish species, clearly embraced by medical and scientific organizations worldwide, remains at the center of our family of marine sting first aid products,” claimed Freeman. ” The secret to our product lies in the precise acetic acid concentration perfectly suspended in a spray that elegantly doubles as a means of stinging cell removal while addressing welts,” continued Freeman. The company reports Ocean Care marine sting products have consistently exhibited safe and effective sting pain relief as increasing numbers of consumers utilize the kits and jellyfish sting relief spray in the U.S., Caribbean, Europe and the Pacific Rim markets. The company produces four state of the art marine animal sting first aid kits including a stingray, sea urchin, fire coral and Portuguese man o’ war first aid pack. Each kit contains all the medical components necessary to meet and exceed the generally accepted medical first aid guidelines for each specific animal sting injury including gloves, tweezers, bandages, ointments and a snap activated heat bar capable of maintaining 118 degrees for 20 minutes. “The addition of the heat bar is significant since applying heat has been scientifically proven to be far better than ice (Australian Medical Journal 2006). “In the field, there are few, if any, hot water sources found which results in significant delays in addressing a sting injury, so providing the heat bar is an important part in attaining effective pain relief,” affirms Freeman.

Ocean Care Solutions’ full line of marine sting products incorporate the most comprehensive medical and marine science first aid protocols for likely but unfortunate run-ins with a number of stinging sea animals including the man o’ war. The question is not ‘if’ but ‘when’ a sting will occur. While acetic acid is the standard recommendation for jellyfish, the man o’ war sting injury first aid protocol has been changed in some nation locations but not necessarily adopted by all U.S. medical directors.

The man o’ war, commonly referred to as a jellyfish, is actually a colony of organisms called a siphonophore that delivers a very potent sting toxin. It is arguably one of the ocean’s most dangerous cnidarians along with the Box and Irukandji found in Australian waters. Recent guideline changes in Australia, reflect a concern that the presence of acetic acid in first aid may intensify the stinging pain for a Man o War injury. This change contradicts decades of research recommending the application of vinegar for the Man o War sting by the very same organization. A number of U.S.medical resources have adopted those guidelines out of organizational respect but disagreement exists with medical authorities over whether to use vinegar or not on specifically the man o’ war envenomation.

Specially formulated with 5% acetic, OCS Jellyfish Sting Relief is available in a convenient 1 oz individual size and a 4oz. family size...

“Admittedly, not all scientists and medical professionals agree, but we maintain, based on the strength of evidence employing acetic acid on marine stings, our line of products has shown a consistent pattern as 100% effective, including use on the man o’ war, ” continued Freeman. “We invested years of research investigation and corroborating jelly sting first aid reports from the who’s who of international marine sting medical institutions and scientific professionals. This includes those from well respected research institutions in Australia. A dependable pattern of unbiased, fact-based science emerged from the mix,” claims Freeman. “At least until now,” continued Freeman.

Ocean Care Marine Sting first aid kits are specially designed to meet the accepted medical protocol to deliver effective pain relief for the Man o War, Stingray, Sea Urchin & Fire Coral injuries..

It should be noted generally accepted international toxic marine envenomation medical protocol has been and generally is the medical standard established within Australian waters and, therefore, centered on regional animal research only. International medical institutions, including well respected U.S. organizations, routinely adopt Australia’s marine sting first aid guidelines including the man o’ war. Australian waters are widely recognized for being the home of some of the sea’s deadliest animals so the research, scientific, medical and life-saving reports from the region are considered ground zero of toxic marine emergency science.

But, with apparent differences within this order of man o’ war, animals found in Australian waters (Physalia utriculus) known locally as the Bluebottle and the Atlantic man o’ war (Physalia physalis), both very dangerous stingers, remains the question of acetic acid. The Bluebottle is half the size of the Man o war, has only one tendril compared to dozens and there have been no recorded fatalities associated with a Bluebottle. The larger specie has been tied to fatalities as a result of being stung, ” says Freeman. “It’s our belief, based on the biological differences and presumed differences in toxicity, acetic acid belongs in the protocol. The good news is everything needed if stung by a man o’ war is in the kit including acetic acid so the injured can decide for themselves, ” concluded Freeman.

Also worth noting, however, is the presence of publications in direct conflict with Australian recommendation found in journal records from equally respected U.S. medical institutions. “So, which highly respected recommendation does the public accept as the definitive first aid?” questioned Freeman. “Whether to use or not use acetic acid is not a debate any one wants to have once stung by a man o’ war,” reasoned Freeman. Consider a recent medical report filed in the prestigious Journal of the American College of Emergency Physicians. This article outlines a marine sting study utilizing lidocaine (OCS spray is lidocaine free) on typical jellyfish injuries and acetic acid for the man o’ war injury. To muddy the waters further, this journal entry appears to be in conflict with a 2007 and a 2009/10 FDA issued public alert about serious and life-threatening risks associated with improper use of topical anesthetics including lidocaine. Information regarding adverse event claims associated with the use of marine sting products containing lidocaine are available through the FDA’s MedWatch Program.

“Our company marine sting philosophy is drawn from controlled trials, actual consumer experience, and field observations in the U.S. in conjunction with feedback by highly respected physicians and marine scientists”, said Freeman. “We rely on evidence based science gathered from medical journals so, while there are differing medical opinions and research periodicals, our company recognizes the medical research submissions by Dr. Paul S. Auerbach, Clinical Professor of Surgery, Division of Emergency Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, and author of a series of highly regarded wilderness medicine books (Wilderness Medicine 7th Edition) as the leading authority on marine stings,” claims Freeman. Dr. Auerbach recommends the use of acetic acid on the man o’ war injury. (Dr. Auerbach has not endorsed Ocean Care Solutions, Inc. product line).

“From the very beginning, we made a conscious decision to adopt Dr. Paul S. Auerbach’s medical opinions over a few who championed the use of the topical anesthetic, lidocaine,” continued Freeman. “Our company has no reservations about our decision to reject lidocaine in favor of acetic acid to deliver effective and meaningful first aid sting relief,” continued Freeman. “Human nature is a factor during a marine sting episode. When a person is in a pained, stressful situation from sustaining a marine sting injury and left to self-medicate, there is a greater chance for error of inadvertent exposure to harm and abuse. Given the real dangers associated with a lidocaine-infused product, we believe consumer safety to be a more compelling reason not to incorporate it in our products, as well as the systemic lack of true first aid.

We use just over a 5% acetic acid formula,” says Freeman. “Urine on a sting injury is a total myth, meat tenderizer is little more than that, baking soda paste has limited soothing powers, and lidocaine infused applications may provide some limited numbing pain relief but we have to ask what happens once the anesthetic wears off,” reasoned Freeman. “The last thing a sting victim needs is additional, serious, medical concerns. Our sting product delivers the safest, most effective, and sustainable first aid pain relief on the market today. We don’t just cover up the continuing injury with topicals, we stop the pain dead in its tracks” says Freeman.

The bottom line is this: OCS relief spray is the only first aid relief that neutralizes the stinging cells, soothes the injury site, and provides a mechanical transport means to remove remaining matter. The addition of the heat from the supplied bar in kits completes the formula for genuine first aid, not a temporary numbing. The jellyfish sting relief spray and the kit includes easy to understand instructions in the durable, water tight, distinctive gold foil pouch. Doctor and medical facility recommended, Ocean Care Solutions, Inc. is bringing effective marine sting first aid solutions to the consumer.

Sand Jellyfish..Inflatable Arms??

Sand Jellyfish (Rhopilema asamushi or Rhopilema esculenta) is a species of jellyfish from the genus Rhopilema.  The fascinating aspect of the sand jellyfish is that the edges of its oral arms appear to be inflatable. When they are deflated, they appear like thin threads of white-ish color, but when they are inflated, they resemble puffy spears. Lamentably, little is known about this particular species of jellyfish and the purpose of this facility of inflation is not yet determined.

They are inhabitants of the Indian Ocean and are found in locations like in the Sea of Japan, the Yellow Sea (and its tributary creeks) near the coast in brackish conditions and in shallow water instead.  These animals have been sighted in Hong Kong, Malaysia, Japan, China and some parts of the North Atlantic coastline. This species of jellyfish is very to rare to find in marine waters around the American coastlines.

File: Rhopilema esculenta by OpenCage.jpg

Sand jellyfish is so called because of their distinct coloration and because the surface of the skin appears to have a granular texture.  We do know that the jellyfish are capable of stinging because there are records of humans being stung by them.  The effects of the sting are known to be mild, usually resulting in an itchy rash and a burning sensation. A more severe effect can occur in a sensitive individual or if one has an allergic reaction to the toxins present in the venom.  The injury often gives rise to fever, fatigue, muscle pain, difficulty breathing or a drop in blood pressure, and, in extreme cases, could lead to death but none have been documented. (Kishinouye Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters, 15 (2): 4949-4952, 2005 doi : 10.1016/j.bmcl.2005.08.015).

OCS 5% acetic acid jellyfish sting relief spray has never been used on this animal..Until we have clear evidence, we would suggest, based on typical nematocysts toxin reactions, acetic acid would be effective in neutralizing the sting pain…But, we don’t know for sure…But we’ll find out!!!  In the mean time..Don’t get stung without Ocean Care Solutions Jellyfish Sting Relief Spray..

The Solution for marine sting injuries…..   www.oceancaresolutions.com

Sun jellyfish..Now you see me; now you don't..Invisible Danger!

The Sun Jellyfish ranges in oceans all over the world. The Sun Jellyfish feeds on large Metazoan, other small fish, or small potozoa. It defends itself with tentacles that have stinging cells to paralyze  their prey. The Sun Jellyfish is also toxic, its venom gives off an allergic reaction to humans and could be lethal in some cases.  This invertebrate animal has no motion underwater so the animal moves with the sea currents.

Sun Jellyfish picture

Some interesting facts about the Sun jelly fish is that it does NOT have a central nervous system, a respiratory system, an osmoregulatory system, or a circulatory system. How cool is that. Even cooler, it’s body consists of 90-94% water.

The Sun Jellyfish is a member of the marine life species that is very unique.  This Jellyfish is a species belonging the scyphozoan class of marine life in the invertebrates. The name of scyphozoan, or “true jellyfish” is derived from the Greek name “skyphos” meaning “a drinking cup” and is used to describe the jellyfish based on their shape.

They have a lifetime about three to six months.  They do not have shells or scales so when they are exposed to the sun they seem to disappear, leaving only a filmed circle. Due to their invisibility in the sun, this jellyfish can be dangerous to humans as their sting is extremely painful and attributed to various allergies in humans.

5% Acetic acid Jellyfish Sting Relief Spray..Safe and proven effective.Don’t get stung without it !!


The King Jellyfish…more commonly known as the Box Jellyfish

The jelly fish which has the most toxic venom is the box jelly fish. It is called the king jelly fish too. The box jellyfish is by far the most feared animal of the deep as it has been the cause of numerous deaths around the world. The deadliness of the creature is sometimes felt as over rated because of the small size of the jelly fish, but this should not fool anyone. The box jelly fish is a small animal compared to other jelly specimens.

Jellyfish Species Spotlight: King Jellyfish  picture

The poison in the nematocysts acts on the breathing muscles of the person. It numbs it, making it difficult for the person to breathe. This eventually leads to suffocation. Death is almost a certainty if the person is not given immediate medical attention. This is nothing when compared to the intense pain which is felt. This pain has been described as excruciating and unbearable almost every time it has been recorded. This is what scares people.

The box jelly fish is also an expert at camouflage. It is transparent and blue in color, so in shallow waters, the animal becomes very difficult to see. The nematocysts are also very difficult to remove which, once lodged into the skin, require some expertise to remove. The box jellyfish makes up for its very small size very well with its intense poison and its ability to blend in with its environment.  Recommendations indicate 5% acetic acid to flush the wound but even so, it is very important to get the patient immediate medical attention. The chances of the person losing their life is very real.